Fennel has medicinal properties that allow it to relax spasms of the smooth muscles of the stomach and intestines. In addition, it promotes bile production in the gastrointestinal tract. Fennel fruits are popular in the treatment of flatulence, as they facilitate bowel movements and can cause a mild diuretic effect.
In women, fennel can stimulate milk production during lactation, and fennel-based medicines have been successfully used as an aid in the treatment of menstrual delay and menstrual pain. In addition, they are recommended for inflammation of the mammary glands.
Fennel also has other medicinal properties, such as the ability to eliminate inflammation in respiratory diseases.
The use of fennel fruits externally is due to their antimicrobial properties. Ointments, powders, compresses, and baths made from this plant material can promote rapid healing of skin lesions.
Fennel also helps in the treatment of external manifestations of neurodermatitis and pustular skin lesions, while having a mild sedative effect. In addition, it is used for eye diseases, as it has antibacterial effect and prevents the formation of purulent discharge.