Horsetail has a long branched rhizome that goes deep into the soil. The plant has two types of stems – spore-bearing with a pink hue (grow in April-May) and vegetative (barren) – summer shoots that resemble Christmas tree needles and grow in May-June.
Only horsetail can be used for medicinal purposes, the rest are poisonous. The difference between horsetail is the location of the shoots – they should be directed upwards, while in toxic species they are horizontal or fall down.
Medicines are used as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic. It is also used to prevent the formation of urinary stones. It can be used in the treatment of urological diseases, as well as for swelling. In addition, horsetail is a means that removes heavy toxins from the body, including lead. This is due to silicic acid, which is part of the horsetail herb. The plant is used to stimulate hematopoiesis and improves blood clotting.
The plant has a tonic effect on the body, and its use has a tonic and immunostimulating effect. Decoctions and infusions of horsetail have an antiparasitic effect. It also helps to remove sputum in diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Horsetail preparations are used externally for the treatment of skin diseases because they have antibacterial and regenerative components. Horsetail has anti-inflammatory properties that ensure its use in allergic reactions. The plant helps in the treatment of acne, acne rash and fight against fragility and hair loss. They act as a means to accelerate hair growth.